Facing disruption from new technologies and regulation, the European automotive industry invests close to €45 billion into R&D annually, a large percentage of which is on fuel-efficiency technology. This reflects the need to meet the European Union’s (EU) mandatory emission reduction targets for new cars. These require that, by 2021, new car fleets do not emit more than an average of 95 grams of CO₂ per kilometre (g/km).
Every year, we rank the top carmakers in Europe according to their performance against these CO₂ emission targets. Our latest rankings show many are still struggling to hit their 2021 targets raising real questions about how they can make the changes required in time to avoid costly penalties.
While Peugeot Citroen, Toyota, Renault-Nissan and Volvo are on track to meet their specific targets by 2021, five major manufacturers – Volkswagen, BMW, Hyundai-Kia, Fiat Chrysler, and GM – are likely to miss theirs.
Our way of benchmarking, unavailable anywhere else in the market, analyses the targets set for each carmakers’ business based on their average vehicle weight and compares this with their forecasted performance based on their overall fleet portfolio.
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To see which carmakers are on track to meet their 2021 targets, and how their levels of CO₂ emissions compare, click on the interactive dashboard below.
Ranking per average Co2 (g/km) emission 2021:
||Renault / Nissan
||Hyundai / Kia
||Jaguar Land Rover
Please visit this web page on a desktop computer or tablet device to view the above table as an interactive dashboard.
How carmakers rank against their competitors for CO2 emissions. Forecast by PA Consulting Group is based on pre-2014 figures from Transport & Environment, ICCT, JLR Sustainability Report, ACEA and PwC Autofacts.
||Closed to target
To meet European carbon emissions reduction targets for 2021 and reduce the risk of penalties, carmakers must take action on five fronts.
- Optimise engine performance to achieve environmental compliance: Improving the components that generate power and deliver it to the road surface lowers fuel consumption and drives progress on reducing carbon emissions.
- Cut vehicle weight to meet carbon emissions reduction targets: For every 100 kg a vehicle’s weight is reduced, fuel consumption falls by 0.25l/100km, delivering a reduction in carbon emissions of approximately 6-7g CO₂/km.
- Move beyond hybrids: As hybrid cars do not qualify for super credits (emissions of less than 50g) towards the CO₂ targets and cleaner conventional engines are rapidly closing the emissions gap, the hybrid may have reached its peak.
- Make electric vehicles attractive to customers: All manufacturers need to overcome the challenges of price, range and infrastructure and there is evidence that these will be addressed in the new generation of electric cars from 2020 onwards.
- Reshape vehicle portfolio to ensure environmental compliance: Carmakers can further reduce average carbon emissions by reshaping their vehicle portfolios to include a higher proportion of smaller cars and engines, downsizing from eight cylinders to six cylinders or six to four.